Worm Farms

Worm Farms

Worm Farms

by Tony McCarthy

 

Worm Farms

Most Worm Farms lack the essential oxygen element necessary for healthy biology in which micro bacteria and worms thrive. It is essential to create an environment of natural or as close to as possible natural organic materials within a worm farm. Worms are the ‘physical’ second stage phase and function best after the initial ‘chemical‘ phase i.e. when billions of microorganisms have decomposed the organic waste.

Oxygen Food Moisture

Oxygen or air flowing through a worm farm sets up an aerobic environment to support food waste breaking down. Even when a ‘flow through’ worm farm is full to capacity air is drawn through by the action of decomposing material. This action or microorganism activity causes heat within the upper layer and the difference in pressure pulls the air in.

Food – In nature compost worms consume dead organic waste on the surface of the ground under the cover and protection from UV light. It is easy to replicate these conditions by covering your food waste with materials such as cardboard, newspaper etc. Light affects their nervous system and an uncovered worm farm delays the consumption of food.

Moisture – Worms depend on moisture to carry sperm across their outer skin to the opposing worms female sex organ. They can loose up to 60% of urine daily and oddly enough obtain oxygen from water.

Temperature

Compost worms thrive in a temperature range of 60 to 80 degrees farenheight or 16 to 26C. An ideal range is closer to the warmer side. Hard wired propagating mats can achieve a regulated heat however a cheaper alternative is to introduce fresh mowed grass clippings or fresh animal manures. Note: Fresh grass/manures become very hot quickly and by placing a mini windrow rather than covering the whole surface will enable the worms to migrate too the warmth or retreat from it if necessary.

In natural habitat, composting worms don’t live in coir fibre or peat that is void of micro nutrients, they don’t live in plastic containers nor do they defy gravity to leap up to another medium. They thrive in Compost which is rich in micronutrients populated by infanant numbers of bacteria, micorizal funghi, nematodes, protozoa, actinomycetes, beetle mites, roundworms, centipedes to name a few which all play a part in turning organic material into a food source.

This oxygen or ‘aerobic’ element is a feature of the wormz farm, it occurs naturally as a ‘flow through’ system’ and functions to supply a constant source of air vital to a healthy biology of composting worms.

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35 thoughts on “Worm Farms

  1. Dear Tony, My Worm Farm (we call it the worm castle) has transformed the soil in my garden. I’m now starting to supply my neighbours with the castings! Thank you so much.

  2. Great article Tony. It’s a good introduction into the basic fundamentals of worm farms. Time to expand my worm population! Cheers

  3. These look like a great product, I can’t wait to get my hands on one. Thanks Tony for all of the infomation. My garden will never look the same.

  4. Hi Tony,

    Thanks for all the help and information you gave me when I came to pick up my worms. You told me everything I need to know to keep my worms happy and thriving, and gave me some premium quality compost to get them started. I look forward to starting my worm farming journey. Cheers

  5. Hi Tony,
    Thanks for the helpful information on your site.
    I now know the requirements for sustaining and increasing the worm population in a Worm Farm.

  6. Hi Tony,
    I really like your site. It clearly lists the products that you have available and reading the posts in the forum helps me to better understand how the process works. Good work.

    • Thank you Leon. Not only is the oxygen flow-through part of the reason but being able to access the vermicompost cleanly and easily without disturbing the worm activity above is a key benefit of this farm.

  7. Great info here, thanks Tony! Plenty here to think about when creating a happy home for your wormz…..look forward to your next post!

  8. Thanks very much Tony for the worm farm and worms. The farm is working beautifully in turning my waste into fntastic vermicompost for my garden. I appreciate all the extra information you gave me. Cheers

  9. Food, moisture and oxygen are vital for healthy, happy worms and it is great how the Wormz Farm can easily provide all three factors. Plus it looks very attractive. I also really like the window box planter accessories. Congratulations Tony!

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